Hi guys and welcome back to Love English.
So, it’s that time of year again at least it is in the northern hemisphere. It is
definitely winter time and unfortunately the winter is the perfect time to get
sick!.. ..to become ill, to catch a cold
meaning to get a cold. So today’s lesson is going to be focusing on that phrasal
verbs ( your favorite subject) but phrasal verbs connected to sickness ,feeling
unwell and getting better! Don’t forget if you haven’t already subscribed then
you need to click that button down below and at the end of this lesson if you’ve
enjoyed it, give us a like, send us a comment and share! Ten phrasal verbs and
adjectives connected to illness! So before you even get ill you could
describe yourself in two ways I’m feeling or I am worn out
now often before we become ill our immune system the system that fights the
illness is weak that’s often because the weather in England is always bad but
particularly in the wintertime that can make your immune system weak
you can also be really tired another way of saying this is I’m worn out now you
can see that we’ve used the verb to be it’s an adjective it looks like a
phrasal verb but it’s actually an adjective I’m worn out you can also say
similar meaning I’m run down another adjective when you say on run down it’s
a bit more serious than just tie it it implies that you’re feeling quite weak
and perhaps you feel that your body is not at its strongest so you can say I’m
worn out tired or I’m run down tired and feeling a little bit weak almost
starting to feel unwell if you are feeling a little bit unwell you may say
that I’ve picked something up now this doesn’t mean that you pick literally
something up it means that you have caught an illness you’ve caught a virus
or you can catch a cold remember catch court court
don’t forget your irregular verbs so if you say I’ve picked up something I think
I’ve picked up a cold I think I picked up fever I think I’ve picked something
up it means that you think you have caught an illness now next you can use
this phrasal verb often in the continuous form but also in the present
I’ve come down with a cold or should have a tissue I’ve come down with a cold
look – oh I think I’m coming with something meaning you’re starting
to feel unwell you’re becoming sick so come down with something I’m coming down
with something I think I’m coming down with the flu
poor you so once you are sick your body reacts by trying to fight that illness
or cold fever whatever it is your body wants to get rid of it having a fever is
another way of burning the illness the virus off fight I keep saying that so
fight off means to try to well literally you can understand this phrasal verb to
fight something off and you’re talking about the illness here so when you are
trying to fight something off I’m fighting off a cold I’m fighting off a
virus it means that your body is reacting in the correct way your immune
system is trying to make yourself better and remove the virus from your system so
to fight a virus a cold off once your body is really in the process of
fighting off this virus this illness then you might say either in the present
continuous I’m getting over I’m getting over this cold I’m getting over the flu
or of course you can say I got over the flu or I’ve just got over the flu to get
over something can be used to talk about illnesses as well as breaking up in
relationships so when you say you got over an illness it means that you
recovered or present continuous I’m getting over a cold it means you’re in
the process of recovering now once you have been ill so you’ve just recovered
you’ve just got over a cold you often feel a bit weak you don’t feel great and
what we would often say is you need to build your strength up makes sense
doesn’t it to make yourself stronger ways that you could build up your energy
build up your strengths are to have lots of fruit have
vitamins get lots of rest don’t over work so to build yourself up to make
yourself stronger again after you have been ill now when you are sick if you
are really sick very often you are actually sick like to vomit I don’t know
why but we do seem to have quite a few phrasal verbs to talk about vomiting so
to start with it’s quite neutral to throw up I threw up what I was sick a
bit more formal a bit more polite you can bring something up so again there’s
lots of ups and you can kind of understand why so I brought up my dinner
it didn’t agree with me I think there was something bad in my food I brought
it up so again meaning to be sick a bit more informal slang to chuck up all
meaning the same just different levels of formality so I chucked up I threw up
and I brought something up you’re referring specifically to what you ate
really lovely so I hope none of you have been throwing up lately not nice I hate
being sick now I’m gonna share one particular phrasal verb with you that
you might have heard in the news lately if you’ve been watching the British news
there’s been an outbreak of Aussie flu there’s also been apparently a Japanese
flu going around I’m assuming they originated in those countries now an
outbreak of certain virus you can see there that we’ve got the noun and
outbreak however many phrasal verbs have both the verb and noun form in this case
we could also say ozzie flu has broken out around the UK I think it’s probably
used more formally with the noun so that’s what you’re more likely to hear
in the news so an outbreak or to break out
this means there’s kind of been an uncontrolled spread of a virus of an
illness so you often hear about this in the news it can be very serious like the
Aussie flu now my last two phrasal verbs I’ve left at the end but they are
incredibly important and important not to confuse to pass out and to pass away
now when you do become very very ill you might pass out this means to become
unconscious so often when you’re very weak extremely tired very sick you might
pass out to faint and to become unconscious when you wake up we have
another phrasal verb to come around this means to regain your consciousness to
wake up from passing out from fainting now the reason I tell you how important
this is I once knew somebody that got pass out and pass away confused pass
away it means to die now we use pass away not in this case as a more informal
way of speaking but a gentler way of speaking to say somebody died somebody’s
dead this word is incredibly strong and so we prefer to say I’m sorry to hear
your dog passed away it’s important to know these phrasal verbs they are
commonly used we often avoid the word die death dead in English to soften it
and to be more gentle when we are talking about death so that brings me to
the end of my lesson as always it is so important to use these phrasal verbs in
context to practice you whether you are speaking with your
friends or indeed writing make sure to share some of your comments tell me have
you had a cold recently have you picked anything up are you getting over an
illness I hope not but if you are if you practice your English thank you so much
for watching don’t forget to subscribe like comment and share the love English

36 comments / Add your comment below

  1. Hi Leila!! Unfortunately, I started the New Year catching a cold. It all started with a sore throat, then my nose run a lot, my eyes were glassy, my voice changed to a deeper tone and I started coughing. Fortunately, I got over my cold although from time to time I cough a little.

  2. Thank you for your efforts.
    My three daughters have cought a cold lately.
    I hope they to get over a cold and build thire health up.

  3. I must confess that you are becoming my personal illness, because I don't know how to be without your videos. Leila ?

  4. I have picked up a flue this month and have been fighting it off for a long time by taking antibiotics hopefully I can get over it and yet no use therefore I am really worn out.

  5. Dear Prof,
    It has been a utterly gorgeous lesson. Might I ask you a question ? May I use "pass on" instead of "pass away" ? Thank you kindly. I deeply sorry for disturbing you. I pay my respects to you. A

  6. You are so lovely when you…throw up! I'm kidding you, of course!! Thank you for the lesson.

  7. Hello Teacher I'm hearing from Bangladesh, and trying to get your all lessons.
    I'm just killing my self to seeing your crinkle bent smile! It's so beautiful as like crinkle moon smiling. I love your special expression that i never seen befor, you're so gorgeous, im very impress to see your lessons that most effective and beneficial for me.your accent your vice are so stronger i love it. I'm trying to shadowing your vice, sounds, and expression but i can't do it! Anyway you're my best teacher ever so i love your all lessons and videos very much.

    Always pray for you God make you very helpful for all over the World.

    God bless you

  8. Hi, thanks for the video! I’ve got a question about the use of words with the suffix – ache such as toothache, earache, backache, heartache, stomachache and headache. I’ve heard people use them either with the article “a/an” or without it. E.g. I’ve got toothachel have a toothache. Can you please explain which is the correct way of saying it in British English. As far as I understand Americans always use the article. Thank you.

  9. In winter , i came down with /picked up a flu ,since it broke out in my area so i had to fight it off & build up my energy by eating well (i didn’t chuck up)
    There was an outbreak of H1n1

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