3 Quick Psychology Tests! ft. Steve Zaragoza, Bree Essrig & Elliott Morgan

3 Quick Psychology Tests! ft. Steve Zaragoza, Bree Essrig & Elliott Morgan

Hey, everyone. I’m here today
with Elliot Morgan from the channel “Elliot
Morgan” and previously of “SourceFed” and
“Mental Floss.” Yes. That is, that is accurate. This is Steve Zaragoza
from Comic-Con HQ’s “Mostly Homeless” and “SourceFed.” Yes, that’s correct. And this is Bree Essrig
from “Nuclear Family.” and “SourceFed.” Mhm. Hi. So, your first question, Steve. OK. Which of these glasses
has more water in it? I think this one. OK. Just cause it’s wider. OK. OK. You know, that’s probably
an obvious answer. I could test this. Yes. Using what’s called
the scientific method. But I’m going to
say that one does. OK. My temptation is to say
that they’re both the same. Obviously, this is higher,
because it’s narrower. This is lower, but it’s wider. So I would say
that it’s the same. OK. OK. Good to know. You. Yeah. Oh, the way you say OK is
like– it’s, it is a, uh– Hmm, hmm, interesting. It’s neutral
enough that it makes me feel wrong immediately. Uncertain, and you
second guessed yourself? Yep, oh, yeah. Uh, I’m going to
say it’s the same. OK. And I’m wrong, aren’t I? OK. Yeah, see there it is again. You should name your
show just, OK, OK. OK, OK. OK. Yeah. OK. I’m going to give
you the answers after the next question. All right, second question–
which of these rows has more coins? It, they, I believe it has
the same amount of coins. Really? I believe it does. Uh-huh. They’re the same. They are the same. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. They’re the same. OK. Yeah, yeah. OK. Yeah. As far as, like, worth? Just the– no, just the number. I think it’s– Of objects. The exact same. OK. Well, they both
have the same amount. So are the glasses. Yeah. The glasses are the same! It might comfort you
to know that these two tests are for children. Oh, yes, it would. So, so these two tests
are from a series of tasks called Piaget’s
conservation tasks. They’re for children. Yeah. OK. How’d I do? You did, you did great. So Jean Piaget was this Swiss
developmental psychologist. And these are tests that
are actually for children. [LAUGHTER] So I phrased the questions
a little bit unfairly, also a little bit differently to
how they’re asked with kids. What is interesting
about these is that kids who are three to
four years old get them wrong. The test will start
like this, right? And then the researcher
will get this cup and do that and be like, is
the amount of liquid the same? Or does one have more? OK. Yeah. They would say that the taller
glass has the most water it it. And they say that the longer
row of coins has more coins. Idiots. Well, they’re also three. Absolute dummies. They’re also three– No excuse. They’re three to
four years old. Yeah, nah. So the coins test they master
by five or six years old. OK. But they don’t get the volume
test until nine or 10 years old usually. But by get it– So it’s the same
kind of concept, except they– once
they learn this, they can’t apply it to
something different. OK, I see. I see. Yeah, yeah. So Piaget made up a word for
it, which is called decalage. Such a good word. It’s based on the idea that
some physical quantities are unchanged or conserved. Right. During spatial changes. OK. So in this test, you
have to repeat after me. So I’m going to tap a
sequence on my four cubes. And you have to repeat the
sequence on your four cubes. OK. Is this like Simon? You know, I have no
idea what Simon is. I think this is a
cultural difference. Wow! Yeah, because that’s
what Elliot said. Is it called
something different? You know, I was always
really bad at that Simon game. I haven’t even heard of it. Why didn’t that make
it to you, I wonder? But from what people–
the Pacific Ocean? I don’t know. –[LAUGHTER] Just,
they couldn’t get it– figure out a way to get
them over the Pacific Ocean. I was just too big. That damn market out
there that we can’t tap. Are you ready? Mhm. You’re good at this. This one’s not
going to go good. I, I can tell already. I know what this is. [SOFT LAUGHTER] Here we go. Right. OK. Oh, no. You went fast. Oh, no! Did I mess up already? So that is called
the Knox cube test. [GROAN] One, two, three, four. I can’t even remember. [LAUGHTER] What it was. And it’s an intelligence test,
as you might have guessed. Uh-huh. OK. For children. OK, it’s for children. It’s for children. Do you go that fast when you’re
teaching children, you think? I’ve never done it
with kids before. OK. So maybe I’m not the best
person to administer this test. I think you were
going very fast. The last one, I just made up. It wasn’t even part of the test. OK, OK. I don’t know. It just, it went
from A to Z so fast. Like, it was so simple. And then it just was
like, da-da-da-da-da. And I was like, oh, cool, no. It’s hard to administer
intelligence tests to kids sometimes if they don’t
have verbal abilities yet. But despite what you say,
Elliot, kids can be very smart. I know you don’t, I know
you don’t believe that. I believe it now. Today is a good
developmental psychology day. I’m learning a
lot about myself. –[LAUGHTER] So when
kids are about five, they tend to get the first one. I didn’t do well, so what,
what, what age does well? And then by the
time that they’re 11, they can do all of them. Like perfectly? Yeah. Yep. But it’s interesting, because
with kids, their performance on these tests early
in life actually is positively correlated with
how well they do on IQ tests later in life. Ew. Wow, that science is so
important, so important. I just, I’m realizing
that now, more than ever. Yeah, yeah. Next question– is red
heavier than yellow? Heavier? Mhm. Uh, yes? Yeah. Maybe? Huh? Yeah. Yeah? Yeah. Yeah. I would have to say yes. OK. No. No. I think they’re both the same. Ha, ha. I think they’re
both just as heavy. I was going off,
based off of ROYGBIV. OK, OK. Red, orange, yellow– and
I figured that, you know, red would be the
extreme end of, of it. And now, I feel like I’ve just
said all of the wrong things. I, I would say– I
would only say yes, because it feels
like a brighter, like, more like intense color. I guess the idea would be that,
well, colors don’t have weight that I know of, unless they do. They do, don’t they? I can tell by– she’s, she’s
looking at me like they have– they definitely do. So maybe not. I don’t think they– I don’t
think colors weigh anything. Are they items,
or are they colors? No, they’re colors–
like, is the color red heavier than
the color yellow? Maybe like a rust red. I don’t know. Getting very specific. I have no idea. I think they’re the same. I feel like I have
become so wrong that I’m going to start
questioning very basic things. It’s such a weird question. OK, one more question–
is a sweater or a jumper, as I would say,
angrier than a tree? What? I’m going to be thinking
about these all day today and tomorrow. For the rest of time. It a sweater
angrier than a tree? –[LAUGHTER] Do they ask
children these questions, too? Yeah, yeah. Yeah, absolutely. Yeah, because when you
cross your arms, it’s angry. Oh, that’s interesting. If you’re wearing a sweater
and you cross your arms, yeah, that could be angry. But is the sweater
angry, or are you angry and you’re forcing– You’re angry. And you’re forcing the sweater. To also be angry. To also be angry. Well, yes, I think
trees are very happy. You think trees are happy? Maybe. Yeah. Yeah. Do you, do you think
happiness is something that we’ve imposed
on trees, though? Yes. Yeah. Yes. How do we know that
they’re really happy? It’s like the
eco-movement has made them a symbol of happiness. Yeah. I don’t like when people– Our tree escape is a
symbol of happiness. Right? I don’t like it. Our wanderlust, you know? Yeah. You’re right. You know? Yeah. We impose our feelings and
what we know on everything. I don’t like when people,
like, anthropomorphize, like, dogs, to the
point where it’s like– Excuse me. I think a, I think a
tree might be angrier. Why is that? Because a tree is
an actual life form. OK. Right? But I guess sweater is
also made from nature. Plants. Yeah. I don’t know. I think maybe they’re both
inanimate objects that can’t feel. A tree has been allowed to
just live its life the way it wanted to live its life. A sweater used to be
all sorts of things. It used to be a plant. It used to be another
type of plant. And now, it’s being
used and abused for somebody else’s convenience. I don’t know. Anyway, the last two questions
that I asked you, there’s no answer to them. Is a sweater
angrier than a tree? Who knows. Is one color heavier
than another? That’s absurd. Yeah. But people try and
come up with answers. They have been asked in
studies before to see how many people will
say, I don’t know, which you actually
said a couple of times. There’s been studies done
where, like, 3/4 of kids will make up an
answer to something where researchers know there is
not an answer to the question. But kids will just
try and answer it. And it’s a habit that we
continue into adulthood, where we don’t like to
say, I don’t know. The guys who run “Freakonomics”
think that I don’t know are the hardest three words
in the English language for someone to say. Because people won’t
admit when they don’t– They don’t want to, yeah. Know something. True, yeah. I certainly don’t. Yeah, so the research looks at
how you ask questions and how that causes people to speculate
when the questions are unanswerable, because– So they maybe think, like,
something, like they’re being tricked or something, or? Yeah, yeah. Or, like, I, I think
just– it looks at the way that you ask
questions in research and how that affects
people’s responses. Steve and Elliot never
said, I don’t know. They tried to make up answers. Ha, ha, ha. That does not surprise me. Anyway, that’s it. That was wonderful. Oh. I love it. I like that stuff. Yeah, yeah. These are fun. Thank you. You’re welcome. Yes. Awkward hug from the
couch– couch hugs! couchhugs.com.

100 comments / Add your comment below

  1. Colour is determined by wavelength. Shorter wavelengths have more energy than longer ones. Then it's over to Albert and his nifty E=MC2 thingamabob. That a prism, gravity, or puddle of water can refract light also illustrate that colours have different characteristics (such as mass).

  2. Is red heavier than yellow has an answer because Protons has weight, so the answer would be which ever colour absorbs the most light is heaviest, thus Red is heavier as it's darker but I guess it could be viewed the other way around as well because the Newtons 3rd law says that that the protons that would bounce off of the yellow colour would produce opposite weight to the colour Yellow which the Red won't enjoy when the light is absorbed.

  3. I get the premise of the last test and more or less agree with it, but I don't think we can actually judge results based on those questions and answers. Synesthetes, for example, could very easily have genuine truthful answers to those questions, particularly the colour one; I myself perceive red as absolutely heavier than yellow, but not as heavy as, say, purple. It doesn't mean I'm trying to make up an answer where there is none or work out the test, it's just something built into my head that has no real rhyme or reason to it. It just IS.

  4. The color and objects must have to do with perspective of emotion and not fact. So the younger the person the more feeling will be applied to their logic and an abstract response will be created. Because the brain becomes confused and must apply something to make the person feel as if its understood even if its wrong because people want to be content. There is other theories Iv heard in the past toward perspective and how it is imagined when the choices aren't so clear like it would be for things like puzzles or math….interesting lol.

  5. From an emotional perspective red is more extreme than yellow (red being compared to love or hate and yellow usually only to things like the sun and lights) so you could say red is heavier.

  6. I don't say 'I don't know' because people are also like 'what do you mean you don't know?' And I then proceed to panic.

  7. The first video I have seen of yours . Saw my favs from Sourcefed, so I watched. Loved it none the less. Now I am a subscriber. Great stuff!

  8. if bob ross has thought me anything it is that, yes the sweater is angrier than the tree. the tree is just a happy little tree

  9. I would like to point out that molecules that absorb different colors very in sizes. With blue being the biggest, red in the center and yellow being the smallest. With that being said I would think that they have to have a weight that varies but on a extremely small scale. So yes one is going to be more heavy in theory but maybe not humanly viewable since we are talking on a small scale here. This is, i'm sure, where math comes in and since we would be dealing in the infinite numbers between 1 and 0 in gonna pass on that…….so screw that shit someone else figure that out. If I'm wrong then that is ok because science ?

  10. Colors as concepts – not as physical "things" – have no weight. The people who were trying to rationalize that one with physics may have had an argument if we weren't talking about colors as concepts.

    The answer to all such nonsensical comparisons is a simple "no". First ask the question, "Can x be [comparative word] than y?" If the answer is no (which is always the case for these nonsensical comparisons), then the answer to "Is x [comparative word] than y?" is logically always going to be "no."

  11. The taller cup had more water in it though, once she poured it into the smaller glass it showed that it contained more. 2:33

  12. Colors don't weigh anything because they're both projections of light. Trees and sweaters are incapable of emotions so they can't exhibit concepts like "anger".

  13. Ahh yes Developmental psychology, i liked studying that topic.
    Lol with the Sourcefed crew it became "Are You Smarter than a Toddler?".

  14. For once "I don't know" is demonstrated to be the most correct answer. Oh how freeing that is!

    I love this channel so much!

  15. Sweater gives into touch, it is the exact opposite of angry, I wouldn't say that trees are exactly angry, but it definitely would be more angrier on a scale ?

  16. my answers for the last two:
    1) red has a larger wave length, but it's not heavier
    2) A Sweater and trees don't have emotions so they can't feel anger.

  17. Electromagnetic Radiation does exert a radiation pressure on a surface, so there is a sort of weight due to the force per unit area. However, photons themselves have no mass.

  18. This was sooo cool. I was just talking with friends about this intrinsic fear to admit that we don't have all the answers.

  19. I figured both glasses were probably the same, but the taller one appeared to have more. My knee jerk reaction with the coins was that the ones pressed together had more, but then I decided to count them and saw it was the same. I would have not done well with the cubes. I am not the best with spacial reasoning. As for the last two questions, the color one was obviously a trick question. The last one was clearly supposed to be, but science has shown that plants can feel pain, so why not emotion? It is impossible to know what emotion a tree is feeling at a given moment, if it can even feel any at all, because of its cell walls that make movement very slow. Still, I believe that the tree does feel anger sometimes, and a sweater is an inanimate object so it cannot feel emotion.

  20. I would answer the light question with.. Since the wavelength of light of yellow is shorter than red I hypothesize more particles of light (photons) would be in the same area.

  21. Anyone who has ever answered "I don't know" quickly learns that people do not like that answer. I have had co-workers accuse me of not being a team player because I answered their questions with "I don't know."

  22. If you want my answer, I said that red was heavier than yellow because yellow is a 'lighter' colour… I thought I had it right xD

  23. well the taller glass noticeably has more water; when she pours it into the same shaped glass, you can see it has more water.

  24. OK, after seeing this, I will no longer question my 3yo daughter when see says "it smells like red"….lol.
    oh btw, yellow is definitely heavier, because of science. Red is lower energy compared to yellow and hence more energy can be more mass so yellow is heavier 😉

  25. I was so excited when you did the Piaget tests! I learned about those in High School Psychology! I think they're cool and it fascinates me that little kids will watch the teacher or whoever pour one cup into another cup and then think that the taller, skinnier cup has more water in it!

  26. Red is heavier than yellow because yellow is a lighter color than red.
    A sweater is angrier than a tree because trees are nice and breezy, sweaters are not chill in the slightest.

  27. Colours are physically related to frequencies of electromagnetic waves (light) and the energy of EM waves is propertional to the frequencies. Energy is also propertional to mass. Yellow light has a higher frequencies than red light, thus yellow light has more energy and mass, thus yellow light is heavier from a physical standpoint.

    That said, I know that isn't the point of the question. Furthermore, this is complete bullshit even as a physical answer because it's also a question of biology (it's a question of perceived brightness, which does not have a fixed propertionality to the intensity of the light).

  28. the colour reds frequency is higher than the frequency in yellow so if we managed to create theoretical hard light red would be more dense and therefore be heavier.

  29. I'd have said – you can't measure wave lengths and its unproven if plants do or don't feel emotions so it's scientifically impossible to say yes or no. But If I was 9-10 I probably would have just told you to fuck off if you asked me these questions. But I was a terrible child.

  30. I don't know why but I thought of it like letters so yellow is angrier as it is made of more letters so if you put a block with a letter on forever he four words the one with more is the most of that scenario. I know it's wrong. But I suppose the way my brain went about it I found so interesting

  31. When being asked a question, I think it is natural to assume there is an answer to that question, especially in a setting like this, where you are being "quizzed" essentially. Makes sense that that would carry on into adulthood, or even be enforced stronger as you grow older.

  32. I think that yellow is heavier because light has energy, and energy is mass, so yellow has a shorter wavelenght therefore more energy and it's heavier.

  33. Sources? What are the last test called? Continued reading? Please help I came from another site to try and see if it was in your description cause I didn't know and there were no answers!!!!!

  34. Okay, this is going to be a nonsensical answer to the 1st nonsensical question, But please bear with me.
    So we know from ROY.G.BIV (out here in India its actually VIBGYOR, nvm) that the wavelength of Red is bigger than the wavelength of yellow.
    From this, it follows that the frequency of red is smaller than the frequency of yellow. So the energy of red light is smaller than that of yellow. Thus, using the most famous equation in the world, E= mc^2, we can conclude that Red is in fact NOT heavier than yellow because the "mass" of red is smaller than the "mass" of yellow.

    Also, Vanessa if you do see this I LOVE your videos They're absolutely amazing !!!!
    P.S. If someone already did this, lol isn't that nice? we share great thoughts 🙂

  35. “I don’t know” or “I was wrong”. Taking responsibility for mistakes is something that people struggle with too. I hate having to tell people I was wrong or I made a mistake if it negatively affects them in some way. It sucks, but I always try to take responsibility for my actions.

  36. i think its funny that steve says you went fast when you didnt but elliots first go you were lightning fast compared to the rest
    i need to see the uncut version

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