Allergy – Mechanism, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention, Animation

Allergy – Mechanism, Symptoms, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention, Animation

Allergy refers to abnormal reactions of the immune system to otherwise harmless substances. Normally, the immune system raises immune response to protect the body from foreign invaders, such as bacteria or viruses, but does not react to non-infectious environmental antigens. In people with allergies, however, the immune system also reacts to these substances, producing allergic…

Hepatitis B Virus: Serology

Hepatitis B Virus: Serology

Hepatitis B virus serology Hepatitis B is a viral infection affecting the liver. The disease goes through different phases, which can be diagnosed by serology. Let’s start with an overview of the phases. In adults, hepatitis B virus infection begins with an acute stage. More than 95% of affected adults will subsequently recover from infection…