Clinical depression – major, post-partum, atypical, melancholic, persistent

Clinical depression – major, post-partum, atypical, melancholic, persistent

You’ve probably come out of a particularly sad movie and said something like: “Man, that was depressing.” In this case, you’re talking about how, at that moment, the movie made you feel sad, discouraged, hopeless, or anxious. You probably wouldn’t say something like: “Man, that movie was clinically depressing.” The latter expression refers to a…

Meningitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Meningitis – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

With meningitis, mening- refers to the meninges which are three protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, and -itis refers to inflammation; so meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges. More specifically, it refers to the inflammation of the two inner layers which are called the leptomeninges. The outer layer of the meninges…

Alcoholism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Alcoholism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Alcohol is one of the most widely used psychoactive substances in the world, and has been a part of different cultures for hundreds of years. Drinking alcohol can have serious harmful consequences, it’s been linked to various cancers, gastrointestinal diseases, and metabolic problems. Over time, regular use of alcohol can lead to alcohol dependence and…

Cerebral palsy (CP) – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment & pathology

It’s pretty well-established that your brain’s really important. It’s like, if your body was a computer, your brain’s the mainframe. It controls everything, whether you’re aware of it or not. Cerebral palsy means “brain disease causing paralysis”; so essentially, cerebral palsy refers to damage to the brain that causes loss of muscle control, like for…

Marfan Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Marfan Syndrome – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that results in defective connective tissue, which can affect a person’s skeleton, heart, blood vessels, eyes, and lungs. Normally, the interstitial space of various body tissues is full of microfibrils – which are strong ropelike structures that provide tissue integrity and form connective tissue. The main component of microfibrils…

Autism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Autism – causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Even though everyone develops at slightly different paces Almost everyone hits the same general developmental milestones and learns the same sets of skills at about the same time more or less These are things like language and communication socializing cognitive skills like problem-solving and physical milestones like walking crawling and fine motor skills all of…