Edward Syndrome (Trisomy 18) | USMLE Step 1 Mnemonic

Edward Syndrome (Trisomy 18) | USMLE Step 1 Mnemonic

Edward Scissorhands=Edward syndrome vote sign=trisomy 18 micrognathia low-set ears clenched hands with overlapping fingers prominent occiput delayed turtle=developmental delay headless turtle=early death (usually by 1 year) rocking chair=rocker-bottom feet ASD and VSD puppy=PAPP-A chorizo=human CHORIZO gonadotropin (β-hCG) inhibitory sign=inhibin-A stroller=estriol alphabet=AFP

Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21) | USMLE Step 1 Mnemonic

Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21) | USMLE Step 1 Mnemonic

wine rack=trisomy 21 highway junctions=nondisjunction unbalanced Robertsonian translocation mosaicism nasal bone dysplasia nuchal translucency bilious vomiting=duodenal atresia Hirschprung disease inner eye tattoo=epicanthal folds brushfield spots in eyes gap between 1st and 2nd toe palmar crease=simian crease demon=(Alzheimer) dementia complete AV septal defect alligator=ALL amulet=AML lymph node tree=lymphoma delayed turtle=developmental delay chorizo=human CHORIZO gonadotropin (β-hCG) inhibitory…